Development of 10 private interventions in the Prestes Maia Tower in Brasil. Conceptual approach to new design and drawing techniques.

The course development was based on the approach of 10 different mechanisms in accordance to given parameters, which conditioned the understanding and the interpretation of data towards the design.

The final idea was the development of intervention techniques based on the qualities of the different designs.

Based on the ideas of Holographic and Planimetric concepts, the floor plans and the sections dialogue between 2 different realities: infrastructure systems and

Development of public module structures which create a linkage between different areas of comuna 18 neighborhood. Definition of a new interaction between public and private systems

Based on the structures of Emilio Pérez Piñero, the development of this stuctures were based on the idea of the variability of the dimensions of the structure based on constructive details.

The final designs enabled the variation of the same structure under lengths of 6 to 12m, enabling a systems which could readapt in accordance to the space need and the topography were it had to be constructed.

Therefore, by means of flexible unions, the different bars readapted its position, enabling the movement in to different position and reaching an stable position depending on the assigned function.

Final mark: 9

Intervention in neighborhood in Cali, Colombia. Proposal for public equipments and development of a global urban development to reactivate the local area.

Based on the people's need in this underdeveloped area, the proposal tried to create a community centre were people could learn no be self-suficient in the development of their economic needs.

Having into consideration that the area had a very variable topography, the design was based on a very simple metal structure which was the solid basis of the building. Moreover, in order to create a domestic ambience, the roof top and the rest of design elements were based on wood.

According to the wether conditions, roofs had to be adapted to the water and rain problems. Therefore, the final design adopted this requirement, varying it into a dynamic curve.

Final mark: 9

Developmet of a fish market space in the city of Essaouira. Design in a context between the cities port and the end of the historic city.

The respect for the historic monuments in the nearby spaces was linked to the idea of creating a subtle and respectful intervention. Therefore, with the idea of reorganising the pubic space, the design urged for volumetric pieces and the perforation of the market in contact with the sea.

Therefore, the volumes where assembled in connection with the the circulation points and with the idea of creating visual linkages between different skylines.


Design of a tea room space in the tannery area according to the historic landmark in which this new building is inscribed. Ambience, colour display and senses are the primary elements to build with.

The Chowara Tanneries are described as one of the most remarkable sites in the city of Fez. This space is enclosed by traditional constructions with a variable volume display, which confine the ambience in which handicraftsmen tint leather in a range of colours that dye the atmosphere into an impressive immaterial experience. This view is surrounded by small orifices along the façades that peak into the ancient traditional work exhibited in this setting. The spatial quality is therefore defined by this range of volumes, the colour tanks and the dynamic activity, creating a dense air in which the strong smell and the pigments load the surrounding mood to create an ethereal attraction to all senses. Consequently, the new tearoom had to inscribe its character within the existing atmosphere, praising a sensitive experience that strengthens the Tanneries’ uniqueness. Therefore we had to promote that visitors could experience each of the described elements when visiting the pavilion.

By means of a spatial study, we became aware that some of the existing areas were out of sight when visiting the interior space of the Tanneries and for that reason it was utterly significant an intervention for the complete comprehension of the range of spaces present at this site. However, the different volumes had singular characters as architectural pieces and therefore an extreme remodelling process would have diminished the intrinsic nature of this place. This is the reason why the basic idea of the project was to “sew” and unify the pre-existing volumes within the interior space in order to create a continuous element that could vertebrate the view of all the independent colour tank squares.

The different functional rooms demanded a need for partitions that could coordinate the range of spaces. Even so, the idea of uninterrupted areas had to be achieved. For that reason, walls were substituted by textile panels and nilon fibres, which alluded to the textile works whilst creating a blurry and abstract view of the surrounding colourful spaces.

The use of this materiality created a subtle intervention in which space was enchanted by the fluid atmosphere with the exterior site and by the diffuse partitions that strengthen the overall ambience inscribed in the Chowara Tanneries.

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Final mark: S 9
Generation of a proposal to solve the accounting unfunctionality of Plaza de España in Madrid's city centre. The architectonic response will aim for a suitable building for an adequate activity development.

Plaza de España is one the most significant squares of Madrid’s central district, articulating an empty space in the urban density with a clearly public character. The nearby landmarks, such as The Royal Palace, Gran Via and Debot Temple Park urge this plaza to become a notorious distinctive place in the city. However, its lack of a clear functional character and an irrelevant public personality, derives into an “abandoned” site that could perfectly embrace a communal lifestyle. Therefore, with this architectural intervention, we had to incite a new collective reintegration into Madrid’s culture.
The plaza's potential is based on the central spot it occupies in the city and therefore the requirement of becoming a space influenced by the neighbouring public life. The dimensional extension it occupies and the lack of activity in the perimeter, by which it’s enclosed, unable this opportunity to become attached to the city life. On that account, the proposal’s basis was the construction of a building that could converge the dispersed landmarks character into a central area, creating a centripetal urban atmosphere amongst a new unifying boundary. Even so, the physical strain of the square’s length made this task difficult to solve with a simple gesture.

As a result of this analysis the final proposal was a 4-block building that attached itself to the urban disposition with two distinguished façades that imprint a double character to the surrounding space. The exterior perimeter in contact with the metropolitan density uses a lineal translucent glass-wall to dialogue with the “XL” scale of the city planning. In contrast, reflecting metal panels constitute the interior mural that defines the background scenario of the plaza, reflecting the city landmarks into the public space by means of "mirror" views. Therefore, the new buildings generate this centripetal point that incorporates the urban set into a new square in which the functional spaces of the perimeter are focalised towards the open space in order to establish a connection between the private and the community areas.

The buildings were divided into three layers, in which the reflective panels could reveal different locations with angle variations, so that the reality which the citizens perceived would change depending on the position they occupied in the public spaces.

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The interior space of the closure constructions had to be taken into account for the subsequent usage of possible customers. The concept for this new phase of the design process was linked to the materiality of the façades. The inner atmosphere would absorb the permeability of the translucent partitions and the reflective diffuse images from the metallic panels. Each of the floors would embrace a different organization system for a range of possible functions, creating nuances in accordance to the display of opacities and light. Spatial sectors are related with each other by diluted visions, which enables them to establish new programmatic associations between independent areas. Furthermore, the geometric display of complex global dispositions, insert the existing perimeters in other boundaries, whose identity loses its domain to become integrated within an overall perspective of the project. Consequently the spatial boundaries would in some occasions be panels that enclose atmospheres whilst becoming in other cases part of the structural skeleton with solid metal walls.

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In this interstice between reflective matter and translucent ethereal elements, the generated ambiences blur the view in order to dilute the components of architecture into a visual interlude, which establishes new associations between atmospheric sequences.

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Final mark: S 9
Participation in a two week course of "Conceptual drawing for architects". Development of abstract drawings and a final analysis project at Spitafields park in London.

The first task was to define a spatial analysis of a specific ambience at Spitafield Park: “the Hut”. This element was a small pavilion located in one of the sites used as an office and information centre. A graphic diagram was designed in order to conclude a scheme of the constructive planes that defined the inner space and the exterior volumetric display.

Within the study of this particular “object” we had to incorporate a wider range of land extension into our analysis. Therefore, the nearby ambience was understood to be the defining context that had to lead to the design of the analyzed building, and consequently the next scale of information layer we had to study for a future intervention in Spitafields Park.

The Park area was subsequently divided into smaller quarters of data, which enabled the quantification of particular distinctive details that characterized each ambience. By means of different registration processes (both quantitative and qualitative), each margin was defined according to morphology or spatial features that had an influence on the public occupation rates. The way of inhabiting each quarter defined an occupancy trace both from an individual or collective way to settle, showing the tendency applied in the different zones according to the park’s character.

This information was then completed by analyzing the linkage between each of the different park regions. The relations were defined according to the physical and visual boundaries in order to fulfil the understanding of the spatial parameters that could define an isolating ambience within a general public context.

The next layer of information that could link the different parameters for an appropriate interpretation of the analysis was the different functions that were held in the divided quarters. The next diagram shows the final conclusion, in which by extracting the most relevant data from each phase of the parameter study, we could sum up a basic understanding of the reasons why a public space works in that way with an input of social usage.

Construction of a new lutheran church as part of the new civic centre developed next to the Hilversum Town Hall. This religious conclave will be conformed by a small church, office area, house for priests and space for public activities.

The new Hilversum civic centre is both a representative institutional reference in the town, due to the presence of Dudok’s Town Hall, and also a cultural location for citizens. The creation of a library inserted a new dynamism into the area, which will be fully achieved with the presence of a highlight aspect in the Hollander society: a Lutheran church.

The presence of the religious conclave reinforced the idea of a communal centre, where by means of different components, a community scenario was strengthen. Therefore, this new building had to culminate and create a sense of coherence with the library and the Town Hall. This is the reason why the main idea was to create a public square, where the perimeter was defined by the three main buildings, giving access to each one whilst defining an out-door space where citizens could gather.

The site was defined by a curved boundary and the uniform elevations of the other constructions. Consequently, the new construction had to adapt to this strange morphology, combing a forceful curve in contrast with a subtle front façade. However, this form couldn’t be a direct transposition of the given plot. It had to create its own character in the volumetric definition, giving an exceptional prominence to the church itself. Therefore, the different functions were assembled in a picturesque style, where each of the volumes were displayed in an independent position. The ongoing sequence of the detached spaces creates the idea of broken opaque-mass, which is drilled in its closure by translucent voids. These elements enable the viewer to seek through the perimeter, discovering an inner courtyard that absorbs the spatial connection of the different pieces, creating a “hortus conclusus”, in a traditional monastic way.

The interior spaces strengthen the idea of closed volumes by creating a completely independent mass that is illuminated by small patios in the constructed boundary, giving therefore a cosy ambience to the inner intervals.

The church uses the bigger courtyard as a source of natural light, rooting the view into a lower level, so that the ceremony could be celebrated without any exterior distractions. Consequently, the inner space guides the view, by means of the volumetric definition, to this transparent façade, which incorporates the exterior vegetation.

Space is diluted into a sequence of interior and exterior scenarios, where the transparency and the opacity of the closed limits become diffuse by maintaining vegetation as constant principle for the creation of a homely atmosphere.

Final mark: S 9
Project of a new civic centre as part of an urban plan for new infrastructures next to the Town Hall. Creation of a new library with a small auditorium for the local people.

The Hollander town of Hilversum hosts in its urban core one of the most notorious examples of modern architecture in the Netherlands: the Town Hall. The conception of this monumental design establishes coherence with the administrative and representative function it develops, assembling scale to the preconceived idea of this kind of public entity. Dudok, the architect in charge of the project, formulated a language of vertical and horizontal volumes, masses set against voids, floating flat roofs and monumentality.

The intervention on this site intends to promulgate social values with the creation of a new civic centre, in which by means of architecture, a new range of infrastructures will connect the town’s institutional centre with its citizens.

The new Hilversum library was conceived from two predominant ideas. In first place, the building had to adequate its exterior appearance to the pre-existing building, creating an abstraction of the volumetric display and submitting its exterior form to the predominant figure of the Town Hall, as a way of implying the hierarchy of institutional duties. In second place, the essential idea for the inner space had to promote the intrinsic values of a civic centre, in which each citizen is worth as an individual but it is integrated as part of a community. The library is therefore interpreted as a common ground for knowledge, where space had to be understood in a flowing and homogeneous way, without diminishing the independence of each of the users.

The integration of both ideas generated a subtle response, conceived by the proposal of several patios inscribed in an opaque rectangular volume, which organized the different spaces into smaller scales of usage whilst enabling a continuous vision throughout the building.

This project system enabled a homogeneous closed exterior that was understood as an extension of Dudok’s massive proposal, as well as establishing an independent framework required between a silent inner space and the public outside area.

The inner ambience is diluted through the patio’s transparency. The infusion of a permanent “solid light” from a zenith angle, create a neutral atmosphere implemented with the perceptive colours of vegetation gatherings which promote focal colour displays of the pale background walls.

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The visual connection is never interrupted. Each patio is carefully positioned to direct the user into the different spaces. The main entrance focalizes the outlook through an extended patio that establishes two axial directions as a mean to guide people towards the reading space or the auditorium. Each of these areas is subsequently enclosed without a solid partition, but by containing a flowing atmosphere between a transparent void of vegetation.

Space is not understood as a summation of small areas, but as a lineal volume where transparency, light and vegetation establish a dialogue to create a unique space.

Final mark: S 9

Participation in the design process of the proposal for a market competition in Tenerife. Involvement as an external consultant for image development of the inner and outer scenarios

La Laguna is a World Heritage awarded village in the South of Tenerife, characterised by a distinctive cultural and architectonic patrimony, creating a small stronghold of local traditional lifestyles.
The competition entry demanded the design of a new market, as part of an urban restoration process that promotes new public infrastructures. Modern buildings should be understood from the local cultural basis, appealing to “silent architecture” that will dialogue with the primary essence of the contiguous church and houses. However, la Laguna market was also urged to become a contemporary urban space that will reactivate local business and will therefore create a background scenario for public demands.

The architectural proposal was a clear example of a functional response that combined an interior complexity with an exterior delicacy, in order to reinforce the local architectonic character. The usage of a lineal and contended volumetric display of flat surfaces showed an approximation to the simple framework applied in local housing. These traditional constructions are also characterised by a polyvalence of orifice sizes, which drill walls to irradiate natural sunlight. This idea was introduced in the market by means of micro-punctured panels in a variable display over the created scenery. A general flow was accomplished with this exterior solution, generating a continuity in which punctual blurry areas introduced a sense of transparency between the interior space and the public immediacies.

The inner atmosphere was designed in accordance to the commercial activity that will take place in the building on a daily basis. Due to the dimensional extension of the building and the possibility of natural sunlight during most part of the year, an additional source of light was introduced: patios. These vertical sources of illumination were understood as an implement that will enable the incorporation of brightness to the market as well as a space-organizing focus for the stores.

Development of a 400 metre long building as part of a collective design of a multifunctional horizontal skycraper over the M-30 motorway in Madrid

Over the past century the city of Madrid has become a clear example of contemporary urban development. The on-growing population and the establishment of new urban plans have created a number of “inner cities”, with different focalized areas of development that spread through the urban tissue. Transport infrastructures have become the basis for an adequate functioning of this kind of phenomena and therefore massive highways break through cities to connect these islands of growth.
The M-30 is a radial motorway that literally divides Madrid in two areas, creating a detached city whilst unifying it at the same time. In order to reunite this juxtaposition, a new urban proposal has to be developed.
Our proposal heads towards this solution. By creating a massive megastructure over the M-30 motorway, we intend to appeal to a social problem with an architectonic response. As part of a collaborative association, each person focused in a particular area in order to analyse from a global and local perspective the problems which each proposal will have to overcome, unifying each individual solution into a wider urban plan. Therefore, an individual response of a 400 metre building will be then connected in its opposite ends with other constructions with similar functions and architectonic characteristic.


As a first approach to a global understating of the M-30 and the kind of social divergences in each of the accounted neighbourhoods, we developed a complex analysis linked to specific parameters through an objective and subjective view. Recycling urban waste is one of these key aspects. The conclusions obtained from this approach could forecast the population’s sensitivity towards recycling and any further environmental proposals that could be developed. Moreover, we could track behavioral patterns that could be completed with other economic and social graphics. Taking into account all the information obtained with the collaborative experience, we were able to extract the most relevant aspects that defined our area of intervention.

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One of areas in which we had to intervene was the new green riverbank developed by Spanish architects Burgos&Garrido. Although they had already buried the pre-existing motorway to promote the creation of a city park, we considered that this response still maintained the divergence of both areas. A new architectonic element should be installed so that the city redevelopment could be accomplished.

Therefore, in order to maintain this new green landmark for the city of Madrid, the building had to respect the previous ground floor, but at the same time establish a dialogue with the new construction. It seemed inevitable that the megastructure should literally “levitate” over the park. Furthermore, in accordance to the public character of this space, the building’s function should promote a free range of activities in consonance with the variability of people that participate in this area, without forgetting the demand of public collective housing in the area.




Final mark: 10 MH