Generation of a proposal to solve the accounting unfunctionality of Plaza de España in Madrid's city centre. The architectonic response will aim for a suitable building for an adequate activity development.
Plaza de España is one the most significant squares of Madrid’s central district, articulating an empty space in the urban density with a clearly public character. The nearby landmarks, such as The Royal Palace, Gran Via and Debot Temple Park urge this plaza to become a notorious distinctive place in the city. However, its lack of a clear functional character and an irrelevant public personality, derives into an “abandoned” site that could perfectly embrace a communal lifestyle. Therefore, with this architectural intervention, we had to incite a new collective reintegration into Madrid’s culture.
The plaza's potential is based on the central spot it occupies in the city and therefore the requirement of becoming a space influenced by the neighbouring public life. The dimensional extension it occupies and the lack of activity in the perimeter, by which it’s enclosed, unable this opportunity to become attached to the city life. On that account, the proposal’s basis was the construction of a building that could converge the dispersed landmarks character into a central area, creating a centripetal urban atmosphere amongst a new unifying boundary. Even so, the physical strain of the square’s length made this task difficult to solve with a simple gesture.
As a result of this analysis the final proposal was a 4-block building that attached itself to the urban disposition with two distinguished façades that imprint a double character to the surrounding space. The exterior perimeter in contact with the metropolitan density uses a lineal translucent glass-wall to dialogue with the “XL” scale of the city planning. In contrast, reflecting metal panels constitute the interior mural that defines the background scenario of the plaza, reflecting the city landmarks into the public space by means of "mirror
" views. Therefore, the new buildings generate this centripetal point that incorporates the urban set into a new square in which the functional spaces of the perimeter are focalised towards the open space in order to establish a connection between the private and the community areas.
The buildings were divided into three layers, in which the reflective panels could reveal different locations with angle variations, so that the reality which the citizens perceived would change depending on the position they occupied in the public spaces.
The interior space of the closure constructions had to be taken into account for the subsequent usage of possible customers. The concept for this new phase of the design process was linked to the materiality of the façades. The inner atmosphere would absorb the permeability of the translucent partitions and the reflective diffuse images from the metallic panels. Each of the floors would embrace a different organization system for a range of possible functions, creating nuances in accordance to the display of opacities and light. Spatial sectors are related with each other by diluted visions, which enables them to establish new programmatic associations between independent areas. Furthermore, the geometric display of complex global dispositions, insert the existing perimeters in other boundaries, whose identity loses its domain to become integrated within an overall perspective of the project. Consequently the spatial boundaries would in some occasions be panels that enclose atmospheres whilst becoming in other cases part of the structural skeleton with solid metal walls.
In this interstice between reflective matter and translucent ethereal elements, the generated ambiences blur the view in order to dilute the components of architecture into a visual interlude, which establishes new associations between atmospheric sequences.
Final mark: S 9