Interactivity Time Line


  • Nero Domus Aurea 37 -68 AD (architectural experimentation)
  • Hadrian’s Villa 76 - 138 AD (re-creation of global conquests)
  • Baroque expressionism - movement


  • Johannes Duikers Cineac Theatre
  • Fritz Lang “Metropolis”
  • CIAM Architecture as a social art


  • Albert Speer Nuremberg Searchlights (virtual Architecture)
  • Le Corbusier (example of using cinematic elements as process for creating architecture)
  • Le Corbusier (as example of creating interactive space)
  • Walter Benjamin (theorist)
  • Frank Lloyd Wright Sowden House (Greek stoa creating cinematic space)


  • Time Machine: the film
  • S Charles Lee (Cinema Theater architect)


  • Alison and Peter Smithson Team 10
  • Sputnik Soviet launch “Space Race”
  • Disneyland: Tomorrowland’s “House of tomorrow”


  • Guy Debord Situationists
  • Archigram The Walking City
  • Aero Saarinen TWA and Dulles Terminals
  • NASA space exploration


  • Craig Hodgetts “Ecotopia”
  • John Hejduk Wall House I


  • Tschumi Parc de la Villette



  • Calatrava Milwaukee Art Museum
  • Diller, scofidio + Renfro, Blur
  • Wes Jones objectifies architecture
  • Devices of Wonder exhibit at the Getty
  • 100 Main Street Morphosis - “informed by the nearby urban environment. Horizontal bands of red neon and blue argon light tubes cycle through light pattern sequences, mimicking the ribbons of headlights on California’s freeways.”
  • San Francisco Federal Building - “a mutable skin of computer–controlled panels adjust”
  • We are interested in architectures narrative and time based elements within architecture. Interactive elements such as the artistic lighting in the “Lobby” of 100 main street or the skin of the Federal Building, these are some early examples of an interactive architecture at that scale.

Related Resources

  • Responsive environments Lucy Bullivant
  • 4dsocial: interactive design environments, Volume 77, Issue 4 Lucy Bullivant
  • 4dspace: interactive architecture, Volume 75, Issue 1 Lucy Bullivant
  • Interactive architecture Michael Fox, Miles Kemp
  • The Futurism of the Instant Paul Virilio
  • Space, time and architecture Sigfried Giedion
  • The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction Walter Benjamin
  • Mechanization takes Command, Sigfreed Gideon
  • Design W Nature Ian McCarg
  • From the Center Design Process at SCI-Arc Margaret Reeve and Michel Rotondi Monochelli Press edited by Margret


  • Metropolis
  • King Speech
  • Anti Trust
  • Time Bandits
  • Minority Report
  • Tron
  • Inception
  • Somewhere in Time
  • Koyaanisqatsi
  • Nos Foratu
  • Demon Lover
  • Time Code
  • Last Year at Marinbad, Resnias
  • Speaking Parts, Atom Egoyan
  • Bill Viola